N-pentane (normal pentane) Applications.
Pentanes are some of the primary blowing agents used in the production of polystyrene foam and other foams. Usually, a mixture of n-, i-, and increasingly cyclopentane is used for this purpose. Because of its low boiling point, low cost, and relative safety, pentane is used as a working medium in geothermal power stations. It is added into some refrigerant blends as well.
N-pentanes are relatively inexpensive and are the most volatile alkanes that are liquid at room temperature, so they are often used in the laboratory as solvents that can be conveniently evaporated. However, because of their nonpolarity and lack of functionality, they can only dissolve non-polar and alkyl-rich compounds. Pentanes are miscible with most common nonpolar solvents such as chlorocarbons, aromatics, and ethers. They are also often used in liquid chromatography.
Appearance : Colourless and not turbid
Cyclopentane %: ≤0.60
Normal Pentane %: ≥95
ISO pentane %: Balance
Other Hydro Carbon %: ≤1
Total Oleffine %: ≤0.1
Moisture %: ≤0.01
Color Saybolt: ≥+30
Total Sulfur: ≤0.0001
N-pentane (normal pentane) Physical Parameters
N-pentane Basic Information
English Name: Normal pentane
CAS Number: 109-66-0
Appearance: clear, colorless liquid
Chemical name: N-Pentane
Chemical formula: C5H12
Boiling point (°C): 36.1 °C
melting point: -129.8°C
Saturated vapor pressure: 53.32kPa/18.5℃
Range of flammability (vol% in air): 1.7-9.8
Flash Point: -49°C
Specific Gravity: 0.63
Vapor Density: 2.48g/L
Vapor pressure 57.90 kPa (at 20.0 °C)
Synonyms: N-pentane, normal pentane, Pentane, Quintane, Pentane mixed isomers.
Handling method and safety information
N-pentane is is a highly flammable alicyclic hydrocarbon. Read the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) before use. Dangerous or hazardous reactions do not take place under normal conditions.
N-pentane (normal pentane) Packaging specifications
125kg/drum, ISO Tank.
N-pentane (normal pentane) Export condiction:
CAS NO.: 109-66-0
HS CODE: 290110
DOT/IATA/IMDG/IMO: Hazard Class: 31002, UN/NA: UN1265, Packing Group: II